One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi

The One Pillar Pagoda (Vietnamese: Chùa Một Cột, formally Diên Hựu tự 延祐寺 or Liên Hoa Đài 蓮花臺) is a historic Buddhist temple in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It is regarded alongside the Perfume Temple, as one of Vietnam’s two most iconic temples.

The temple was built by Emperor Lý Thái Tông, who ruled from 1028 to 1054. According to the court records, Lý Thái Tông was childless and dreamt that he met the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, who handed him a baby son while seated on a lotus flower. Lý Thái Tông then married a peasant girl that he had met and she bore him a son. The emperor constructed the temple in gratitude for this in 1049, having been told by a monk named Thiền Tuệ to build the temple, by erecting a pillar in the middle of a lotus pond, similar to the one he saw in the dream.

Located in Ngoc Ha in Ba Dinh district, Hanoi, this pagoda is located on the west side of the original capital of Thang Long. According to the legend, King Ly Thai To of the Ly dynasty had saw in his dream that Goddess Quan Am sat on a lotus leaf and gifted him a son. Soon after the king saw this dream, the king married a rustic girl of peasantry class and begot a son from his wife. The king became so overwhelmingly happy that he constructed a wooden pagoda on a stilt in a lake so that the goddess of Mercy- Quan Am, could be venerated and the long life of his son could be ensured. He named the pagoda- Dien Huu, which means happiness and good luck which According to a theory, the pagoda was built in a style so as to resemble a lotus emerging out of the water.

Later, One Pillar Pagoda succumbed many a times to the ravages caused the colonial powers. It was severely destroyed even till 1954 when the French forces were beating a retreat. The present form of One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi was built in 1955 when the pagoda was refurbished with a concrete pillar from its remnants by the Vietnamese government. Today’s structure can be just called the replica of the original pagoda, which was a large building. Locals believe that if you pray in this pagoda, it will invoke well-being and fertility. You are also advised to wear full-length clothes as you visit this place.


Address: Pho Ong Ich Kiem, Hanoi in Vietnam
Phone Number: +84 4 942 1061 (VNAT)
Open Hours: 8 am to 5 pm daily

Clip One Pillar Pagoda

Galery One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda

Steps leading up to the pagoda

shrine at the one pillar pagoda hanoi

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Small shrine devoted to the Boddhisatva of Mercy inside the pagoda

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