Fast Facts of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi
– Address: 5 Pho Ngoc Ha, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi
– Phone Number- +84 4 942 1061
– Open Hours 8 am to 11am from Tuesday to Thursday and 8 am to 11 am from Saturday to Sunday.
– Closed in October or in November for maintenance of the body of Hồ Chí Minh
The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (Vietnamese: Lăng Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh) is a large memorial in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the centre of Ba Dinh Square, which is the place where Vietminh leader Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Visitors lining up
Construction work began on September 2, 1973, and the structure was formally inaugurated on August 29, 1975. The mausoleum was inspired byLenin’s Mausoleum in Moscow but incorporates distinct Vietnamese architectural elements, such as the sloping roof. The exterior is made of gray granite, while the interior is gray, black, and red polished stone. The mausoleum’s portico has the words “Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh” (Chairman Ho Chi Minh) inscribed across it.
The structure is 21.6 meters (70.9 feet) high and 41.2 meters (135.2 feet) wide. Flanking the mausoleum are two platforms with seven steps for parade viewing. The plaza in front of the mausoleum is divided into 240 green squares separated by pathways. The gardens surrounding the mausoleum have nearly 250 different species of plants and flowers, all from different regions of Vietnam.
The embalmed body of Ho Chi Minh is preserved in the cooled, central hall of the mausoleum, which is protected by a military honor guard. The body lies in a glass case with dim lights. The mausoleum is closed occasionally while work is done to restore and preserve the body but is normally open daily from 09:00 to 12:00 to the public. Lines of visitors, including visiting foreign dignitaries, pay their respects at the mausoleum every day.
Rules regarding dress and behavior are strictly enforced by staff and guards. Legs must be covered (no shorts or miniskirts). Visitors must be silent, and walk in two lines. Hands must not be in pockets, nor arms crossed. Smoking, drinking, eating, photography, and video taping are also not permitted anywhere inside the mausoleum.
Features of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi
– The structure in which the body is placed, is a gray cubicle surrounded by columns.
– On the top, there is a flat, square fresco engraved with the words “Chu Tich (President) Ho Chi Minh” written in red plum marble.
– The marble was brought from Marble Mountain outside Danang in Vietnam
– When the national holidays are celebrated in Vietnam, numerous people including the general secretary of the Communist Party, the prime minister and the president visit Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi and witness parades of ethnic minorities, tanks and soldiers.
– Before entering Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi, you have to sign in at an office at No. 8 Hung Vuong Street, which is towards the south of the mausoleum.
– You can not take cameras, hats or bags and don’t dress in shorts or tank tops while going inside
– You are expected to observe silence in the room containing the corpse.