Đồng Xuân is the name of the largest market in Hà Nội. Located in the heart of the Old Quarter, it was part of an ancient hamlet of that name before it became a street. It was built in 1889 by the French colonial administration to replace the Cầu Đông (Eastern Bridge) Market situated to the east, close to the Tô Lịch River, which was partly filled for the arrangement of new streets.
Dong Xuan Market (Vietnamese: Chợ Đồng Xuân) is a market in Cau Dong Street of Hoan Kiem district.
At the end of 19th century, the Old Quarter of Hanoi had two main marketplaces, one at Hang Duong street and the other at Hang Ma street. In 1889, these two markets were closed and replaced by the original Dong Xuan Market which was built by the order of the French administration in 1889 as one of the principal new architectures of Hanoi, together with Long Bien Bridge which was located nearby and completed in 1902. The market was located at the Hanoi’s Old Quarter which was only 600 m north of Hoan Kiem Lake. The covered area of the market was about 6.500 m² with a large roof of corrugated galvanised ironsupplied by the French contractor Poinsard Veyret. The most recognizable feature of the market was the 5-arch entrance corresponding to Dong Xuan Market’s five domes, each dome was measured 19 m in height and 25 m in width. When the First Indochina War broke out in Hanoi in early 1947, a fierce struggle between Việt Minh and French forces took place in the area of the market on February 14. To commemorate the event, a memorial was erected near the principal gate of the market in 2005.
In 1994, the market was nearly destroyed by a disastrous fire which claimed the lost of about 4.5 million USD worth of stock. After the fire, Dong Xuan Market was rebuilt in the original form and it is still the largest covered market of Hanoi. The ward to which the market belongs is also named Dong Xuan (phường Đồng Xuân), this is one of the busiest commercial place of Hanoi with about a half of the total number of households has trading activities
If you want to shop and at the same time, want to peep into the corridors of history, then Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi is the place for you. This large multi- storied market sells anything and everything. From fresh foods to home appliances, you will have it all here. But, what is more fascinating about this market is its historical significance which you still can experience if you visit this place. It witnessed fierce battle between the Vietnamese resistance units and the French. The French required merchants to bring their goods inside the fenced boundary of the market in order to facilitate tax collections. When the number of merchants increased, the market was enlarged. In 1889, a new structure was built over it and five gates were built leading to it. Each of the five market gates was used only for specified goods. In 1992, the market was renovated and a new facade erected. In 1994, the market was gutted by a fire resulting in the death of five people and the loss of an estimated USD 4.5 million in stock.
Features of Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi
– Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi is a huge three-story market.
– It is located at the corner of Pho Hang Khoai, to the north of Hanoi’s Old Quarter.
– Dong Xuan market is Vietnam’s oldest and largest market and it occupies half of the Dong Xuan Street.
– This street originally belonged to two villages, the Nhiem Trung village and the Hau Tuc village.
– Located at the confluence of the To Lich and Red Rivers, the Dong Xuan market was once one of the busiest urban areas in Southeast Asia.
– The river networks provided a system of waterways which fed the market.
– Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi offers a wide collection of goods of all sorts.
– Hundreds of stalls, with thousands of workers, trade extremely fresh produce and dried foods daily.
– Apart from this, household goods, appliances and other things are also available.
Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi
Đồng Xuân Market old … and new